Effect of bezafibrate on incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in obese patients.

Eur Heart J. 2005 Oct;26(19):2032-8. Epub 2005 May 4.  

Tenenbaum A, Motro M, Fisman EZ, Adler Y, Shemesh J, Tanne D, Leor J, Boyko V, Schwammenthal E, Behar S.
Cardiac Rehabilitation Institute, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer 52621, Israel. 

AIMS: To assess the effect of fibric acid derivative bezafibrate on incidence of type 2 diabetes in obese patients over a median 6.3 years follow-up period. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study sample comprised 339 non-diabetic obese patients (body mass index >/=30.0 kg/m(2)) aged 42-74. Patients received either bezafibrate retard 400 mg (178 patients) or placebo (161 patients) once daily. Development of new diabetes was recorded in 98 patients: in 56 (37.0%) from the placebo group vs. 42 (27.1%) from the bezafibrate group, (P log-rank=0.01). The median time (interquartile range) until onset of new diabetes was significantly delayed in patients on bezafibrate when compared with those on placebo: 4.0 (2.1-5.0) vs. 2.0 (0.5-3.5) years, P=0.002. Multivariable analysis identified bezafibrate treatment as an independent predictor of reduced risk of new diabetes with hazard ratio (HR) 0.59 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.39-0.91]. Other significant variables associated with future overt type 2 diabetes in obese patients were triglycerides (50 mg/dL increment) with HR 1.15 (95% CI 1.02-1.28) and fasting glucose (10 mg/dL increment) with HR 2.27 (95% CI 1.83-2.81). CONCLUSION: Bezafibrate, when compared with placebo, reduced the incidence and delayed the onset of type 2 diabetes in obese patients over a long-term follow-up period.